Infographics have been a part of human communications since the invention of the first “writing” utensils. Cave paintings, rock carvings, and sculptures have been found to integrate both images and written symbols (a type of pre-writing). These artistic efforts were created some 32,000 years ago; they illustrate stories, record history, religious ideas, and much more. Even among prehistoric people, infographics were an ideal method to communicate an infinite types of information.
In modern terms, infographics are the visualizations or charts that are used to present a large amount of material to readers. This type of design is utilized to communicate information that would be impossible or too time-consuming to be explained solely by text or series of illustrations. At the most pedestrian level, pie charts, maps, traffic signs, and bar graphs are types of infographics. Instruction manuals and children’s books often use infographics to explain processes that require step-by-step explanations. More intricate designs are often found in scientific and mathematical communities to display research and data.